Research Publications

Research Publications

In this section we will list recent REB & CB related research. We will be adding citations to this section on a regular basis.


REBT Papers (since 2019)

Chrysidis, S., Turner, M. J., & Wood, A. G. (2020). The Effects of REBT on Irrational Beliefs, Self-Determined Motivation, and Self-Efficacy in American Football. Journal of Sports Sciences. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2020.1776924 Accepted on 27th May 2020.

Artiran, M. K., Simsek, O. F., & Turner, M. J. (2020). REBT-A on the context of basic psychological needs: A new scale based on rational emotive behavior therapy and self-determination theory. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. Published online 13th April 2020.

Sille, R., & Turner, M. J. (2020). “Don’t be stupid, Stupid!”: Cognitive-behavioral techniques to reduce irrational beliefs and enhance focus in a youth tennis player. Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology. 4, 40-51.

Wood, A., Mack, R., & Turner, M. J. (2020). Developing Self-Determined Motivation and Performance with an Elite Athlete using Motivational Interviewing in Adjunct to Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. Published online 27th April 2020.

Mesagno, C., Buchanan, E., Tibbert, S. J., & Turner, M. J., (2020). An Initial Investigation into Irrational Beliefs and Choking under Pressure. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology.

Turner, M. J., Ewen, D., & Barker, J. B. (2020). An idiographic single-case study examining the use of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) with three amateur golfers to alleviate sport performance phobias. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 32(2), 186-204

Meijen, C., Turner, M. J., Jones, M. V., Sheffield, D., & McCarthy, P. (2020). A theory of challenge and threat states in athletes: A revised conceptualisation. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00126.

Turner, M. J., Aspin, G., Didymus, F., Mack, R., Olusoga, P., Wood, A. G., & Bennett. R. (2020). One case, five approaches: The application of psychotherapeutic approaches in sport psychology. The Sport Psychologist, 34(1), 71-83.

Chadha, N., Turner, M. J., & Slater, M. J. (2019). Investigating irrational beliefs, cognitive appraisals, challenge and threat, and affective states in golfers approaching competitive situations. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02295.

Davis, H., & Turner, M. J. (2019). The use of rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) to increase the self-determined motivation and psychological wellbeing of triathletes. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology. Accepted 2nd September, 2019.

Turner, M. J., Wood, A. G., & Jones, J. J. (2019). A response to Philip Hyland, Demetris Katsikis, and Chrysoula Kostogiannis on the debate point concerning the binary theory of emotional distress. Effective Scientist-Practitioner, 2.

Artiran, M. K., Şimşek, O. F., & Turner, M. (2019). Mediational role of rumination and reflection on irrational beliefs and distress. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 47(6), 659-671. doi: 10.1017/S1352465819000031.

Chotpitayasunondh, V., & Turner, M. J. (2019). The Development and Validation of the Thai-translated Irrational Performance Beliefs Inventory (T-iPBI). Journal of Rational Emotive & Cognitive Behavior Therapy, 37(2), 202-221. doi: 10.1007/s10942-018-0306-6.

Turner, M. J., Aspin, G., & Gillman, J. (2019). Maladaptive schema as a potential mechanism through which irrational beliefs relate to psychological distress in athletes. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 44, 9-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.04.015

Turner, M. J., Carrington, S., & Miller, A. (2019). Psychological distress across sport participation groups: The mediating effects of secondary irrational beliefs on the relationship between primary irrational beliefs and symptoms of anxiety, anger, and depression. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 13(1), 17-40.

Turner, M. J., & Davis, H. (2019). Exploring the effects of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) on the irrational beliefs and self-determined motivation of triathletes. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 31(3), 253-272. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200.2018.1446472.


Citation: Chadha NJ, Turner MJ and Slater MJ (2019) Investigating Irrational Beliefs, Cognitive Appraisals, Challenge and Threat, and Affective States in Golfers Approaching Competitive Situations. Front. Psychol. 10:2295. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02295

On approach to competitive situations, affective states (emotions and anxiety) occur through the complex interaction of cognitive antecedents. Researchers have intimated that irrational beliefs might play an important role in the relationship between cognitive appraisals and affective states, but has ignored challenge and threat. In the current research, we examine the interaction between cognitive appraisals, irrational beliefs, and challenge and threat to predict golfers’ pre-competitive affective states. We adopted a cross-sectional atemporal design to examine how golfers approached two different competitive situations: imagined imminent golf competition (phase 1), and actual future golf competition (phase 2). Path analysis revealed how cognitive appraisals, irrational beliefs, and challenge and threat interact to predict affective states among golfers. Serial atemporal multiple mediation analysis indicated that the relationships between cognitive appraisals and affective states were mediated by irrational beliefs and challenge and threat. Further, some differences were revealed between phase 1 and phase 2 in the serial multiple atemporal mediation results with regard to challenge. That is, at phase 1 no significant serial mediation was found for any affective outcomes, but at phase 2 significant serial mediation was found for all affective states, showing that irrational beliefs and challenge serial mediated the associations between cognitive appraisals and affective states. The finding that mediation and bivariate associations differed across phase 1 and phase 2 is echoed in the phase 1-phase 2 tests of differences. The current research makes a theoretical advancement by elucidating in more detail the complex interaction between cognitive antecedents and mediators of affective states. Specifically, the inclusion of challenge and threat alongside irrational beliefs and cognitive appraisals is an important theoretical advancement that builds on work inside of sport literature (e.g., Dixon et al., 2016) and outside of sport literature (e.g., David et al., 2002, 2005), as this constellation of theoretically related antecedents of affective states has not been examined together in the extant research.
Keywords: stress, REBT, performance, pressure, imagined, CBT

Correspondence: Nanaki J. Chadha, nanaki.chadha@research.staffs.ac.uk

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